The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Sleep is a vital physiological process with important restorative functions. Sleep loss and sleep disorders are among the most common yet frequently overlooked and readily treatable health problems. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, emotional and social functioning. Sleep disorders are caused by a health problem or by too much stress.
- Track 1-1Irregular Sleep Pattern
- Track 1-2Types of Sleep disorder
- Track 1-3Causes of Sleep disorder
- Track 1-4Treatment
Sleep medicine is a medical specialty devoted to the therapy and diagnosis of sleep disorders and disturbances. Competence in sleep medicine requires an understanding of a plethora of very diverse disorders, many of which present with similar symptoms such as excessive daytime sleepiness, which, in the absence of volitional sleep deprivation, is almost inevitably caused by an identifiable and treatable sleep disorder, such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea, circadian rhythm disturbances, Kleine-Levin syndrome, idiopathic hypersomnia, menstrual-related hypersomnia or idiopathic recurrent stupor.
- Track 2-1Dental Sleep Medicine
Neuropsychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders associated with diseases of the nervous system. Neuropsychiatry has become a growing subspecialty of psychiatry and it is also closely related to the fields of neuropsychology and behavioural neurology. Neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease include psychosis (delusions and hallucinations) as well as behavioural changes such as depressive mood, anxiety, irritability, apathy, euphoria, disinhibition, aggression, aberrant motor activities, sleep disorder, and eating disorder.
Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. Sleep apnea may be three types Obstructive sleep apnea, Complex sleep apnea syndrome, Central sleep apnea. Symptoms of sleep apnea include Loud snoring, Morning headache, Difficulty staying asleep, Irritability, Excessive daytime sleepiness etc. Obstructive sleep apnea affects 1 to 6% of adults and 2% of children. It affects males about twice as often as females. Central sleep apnea affects less than 1% of people. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, breathing devices, mouthpieces and surgery.
- Track 4-1Obstructive sleep apnea
- Track 4-2Complex sleep apnea syndrome
- Track 4-3Central sleep apnea
Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia may be characterized based on its duration, acute insomnia and chronic insomnia. Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric and medical conditions, specific substances, unhealthy sleep habits, and certain biological factors. Some symptoms of insomnia include waking too early in the morning, trouble falling or staying asleep, unrefreshing sleep etc.
Circadian rhythm disorders are disruptions in a person’s circadian rhythm (internal body clock) that regulates the (approximately) 24-hour cycle of biological processes. Common circadian rhythm disorders are Advanced Sleep Phase Disorder, Jet Lag, Shift Work Disorder, Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder etc.
- Track 5-1Unhealthy sleep habits
- Track 5-2Acute Insomnia
- Track 5-3Chronic Insomnia
- Track 5-4Restless legs syndrome
Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes persistent sleepiness and additional symptoms such as muscle weakness known as cataplexy, dreamlike hallucinations, vivid, brief episodes of paralysis when falling asleep or upon awakening and fragmented night time sleep. Narcolepsy usually begins between ages 10 and 20, although sometimes it starts as late as age 40 or 50. Narcolepsy affects women and men equally, occurring in about 1 in 2,000 people.
Cataplexy is a sudden loss of muscle tone that causes feelings of weakness and loss of voluntary muscle control. Cataplexy attacks generally last less than two minutes, and they may only last a few seconds to 30 minutes. About 75% of patients with narcolepsy experience cataplexy. Narcolepsy with cataplexy is a disabling sleep disorder affecting 0.02% of adults worldwide.
- Track 6-1Neurological Disorder
- Track 6-2Narcolepsy with cataplexy
- Track 6-3Narcolepsy without cataplexy
Sleep disorders that involve difficulty breathing during sleep are classified as sleep-related breathing disorders. Some common Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders are Sleep Apnea, snoring, child sleep apnea, infant sleep apnea, central sleep apnea etc. Treatment measures for breathing-related sleep disorders include avoidance of supine positioning during sleep, behavior modification aimed at improving sleep hygiene and avoiding additional sleep deprivation, and avoidance of ethanol and sedative medications.
- Track 7-1Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
- Track 7-2Central sleep apnea (CSA)
- Track 7-3Complex sleep apnea
Paediatric Sleep Disorders are frequently because of temporary or incessant restorative problems and are seen in upwards of 25 to 30 percent of babies and kids. They may extend from deficient sleep, sleep time settling issues and sleepwalking to sleep apnea and narcolepsy. Paediatric sleep disorders increasingly interfere with daily patient and family functioning. Sleep disorders in children may affect to daytime moodiness, irritability, lack of focus in class, sleepiness in school, inability to get up in time for school, and significant behavioural and learning problems. Some sleep disorders will cause adverse cardiovascular and metabolic effects as well as failure to thrive. Interest in and treatment of sleep disturbances in youth continues to grow, but research lags.
- Track 8-1Sleepiness and Sleep terror
- Track 8-2Sleep Pathology
- Track 8-3Sleep Autism
- Track 8-4Jet lag
- Track 8-5Sleep-related eating Disorders
- Track 8-6Sleep Syndromes
- Track 8-7Periodic Limb Movement Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence
A sleep expert or specialist is a medical doctor who has completed additional training and education in the field of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine focuses on sleep disorders, sleep and sleep-related conditions, and is a subspecialty within several medical specialties, including pulmonology, internal medicine, neurology and psychiatry.
Neuropsychiatrists are medical doctors who are experts in mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system. Psychiatrists are medical doctors and they evaluate patients to determine whether their symptoms are the result of a physical illness, a combination of physical and mental ailments, or strictly psychiatric.
- Track 9-1Sleep Medicine Expert
Sleep disorders are common in patients with neurologic disorders. Research has demonstrated links between neurologic and sleep disorders, showing that sleep disruption can serve as a risk factor for future development or worsening of neurological disorders. An understanding of the diagnostic assessment, common comorbidities, and treatment options can impact overall health outcomes. Treatment of sleep disorders is rapidly changing with new and effective behavioral, pharmacologic, and device strategies.
Snoring is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping. Snoring during sleep may be a sign, or first alarm, of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Snoring is the result of the relaxation of the uvula and soft palate.
ADHD (Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) is a highly genetic, brain-based syndrome that has to do with the regulation of a particular set of brain functions and related behaviors. ADHD is caused by Brain Communication Differences, Genetics, Brain Communication Differences. Most effective treatment for ADHD is a combination of medication and therapy.
- Track 11-1Risk factors of Snoring
- Track 11-2Types of Snoring
- Track 11-3Treatment
Stress and anxiety may cause sleeping problems or make existing problems worse. Depression, Stress or anxiety can cause a serious night without sleep, as do a variety of other problems. Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood and a feeling of sadness and loss of interest. One of the major regions of stress & depression is sleeplessness.
Mental health includes psychological, emotional, and social well-being. It affects how we feel, think, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and providing the ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity.
Psychiatric nursing or mental health nursing is the appointed position of a nurse that specializes in mental health, and cares for people experiencing mental illnesses like schizophrenia, eating disorders, schizoaffective disorder, anxiety disorders, psychosis, personality disorders, mood disorders, suicidal thoughts, paranoia. Psychiatric mental health nursing is a specialty within nursing. Psychiatric mental health registered nurses work with communities, groups, families and individuals assessing their mental health needs
Addiction psychiatry is a medical subspecialty within psychiatry that focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of people who are suffering from one or more disorders related to addiction. Addiction psychiatrists are substance abuse experts. Addiction psychiatry is an expanding field, and currently, there is a high demand for substance abuse experts in both the private and public sector. Addiction psychiatry aims to treat individuals with addiction issues along with co-occurring psychiatric disorders and some sleep disorder. Addiction psychiatrists treat a wide variety of patients of all ages with varying conditions.
- Track 14-1Addiction
- Track 14-2Types of addiction
- Track 14-3Symptoms of addiction
- Track 14-4Causes of addiction
- Track 14-5Epigenetic mechanisms in addiction
There are many new and innovative techniques involve to cure sleep disorders. Sleep medicine is one of the best way to cure sleep disorder. With the help of biomedical science and technology, there are new equipment, technique, therapies involve to cure sleep disorder. There are number of therapy and medicine used to cure narcolepsy, insomnia, ADHD, snoring etc.
- Sleep therapy approaches to medicine
- Marketing opportunity in sleep medicine
- Benefit from Electromyography (EMG) and Electroencephalography (EEG)
There are many similarities exist between natural sleep and anesthesia. During early parts of natural sleep, an individual is difficult to arouse. During general anesthesia, a patient cannot be aroused. Parts of the brain that are responsible for sleep are similar to areas that control general anesthesia. General anesthesia is a drug-induced, reversible condition that includes specific behavioral and physiological traits unconsciousness, amnesia, analgesia, and akinesia with concomitant stability of the autonomic, cardiovascular, respiratory, and thermoregulatory systems. Substantial insights can be gained by considering the relationship of general anesthesia to sleep and to coma.
- Track 16-1Types of Anesthesia
- Track 16-2Pain and Anesthesia
- Track 16-3Anesthetic injections
- Track 16-4Narcotics and Opioids
- Track 16-5Hypnotics and Sedatives
Sleep is a natural, periodically recurring state of inactivity, characterized by the loss of consciousness and reduced responsiveness to external stimuli. In contrast, wakefulness is the absence of sleep and is marked by consciousness, awareness and activity. Observation and speculation about the state of sleep was possible for thousands of years.
More Investigation studies are needed to explore the relationship that exists between circadian rhythm, mood, behavioral, and sleep disorders and sleep medicine. Evidence-based criteria in the diagnostic approach and management of these conditions with overlapping symptoms would vastly improve treatment and outcome.